Shane Warne: How 'The Ball of the Century' sparked his Ashes dominance
With his first Ashes delivery on June 4, 1993, Shane Warne bamboozled Mike Gatting and cast his spell over England.
As first impressions go, Shane Warne's in Ashes cricket was about as eye-catching as you could possibly get.
It was June 4, 1993 and the second day of the series opener between England and Australia at Old Trafford. Having taken five wickets for 45 runs in the morning session to dismiss their rivals for 289, the home side's reply was progressing steadily enough at 80-1.
However, Warne's introduction into the attack produced one of cricket's most memorable moments and changed the dynamic of the rivalry for over the next decade.
Mike Gatting will certainly never forget it, as the leg-spinner unfurled a delivery that flummoxed the England batsman.
'The Ball of the Century', as it became known, was poetry in slow (bowling) motion. The initial drift appeared to make it look innocuous enough as it veered to pitch outside the line of the right-handed Gatting's leg stump, only to dip, rip and zip beyond his defensive prod, beating the outside edge of the bat before going on to hit off stump.
It was a stunning opening statement. As if he had cast a spell that day, Warne would go on to dominate against England for the rest of his career.
Gatting will famously be remembered as the first but plenty more would be mesmerised by Warne, who ended his international career with 708 Test wickets at 25.41. Only Muttiah Muralitharan (800), Sri Lanka's own spin king, has ever managed more.
The variations - the wrong'uns, flippers, sliders and shooters, or whatever other name Warne came up with for the latest addition to his bowling repertoire - all helped add to his aura. So many batsmen were often done in the mind before he had even released the ball from his right hand.
England suffered more than any other nation. Warne claimed 195 wickets against Australia's greatest rivals ? the most by any opposing bowler - at an average of 23.3.
More than half of that tally came on English soil too (129 at 21.9 in 22 matches), with his numbers against them in Australia impacted by missing the majority of the 1998-99 series due to a right shoulder injury, as well as a further two Tests in 2002-03. In terms of wickets abroad, South Africa sit second on his hit list, Warne picking up 61 there in 12 Tests.
The young, bright-blond bowler in 1993 went on to finish with 34 scalps during the six-match Ashes, though a strike-rate of a wicket every 77.6 balls was comfortably the highest for any of his four series on English soil.
He picked up four in each innings in Manchester ? albeit none with such dramatic effect as the delivery that did for Gatting ? then repeated the trick at Lord's in the next Test. While the returns dipped for the remainder of the trip, including just one wicket at Headingley, Australia eased to a 4-1 triumph to retain the urn.
From that away success towards the end of Allan Border's reign through the captaincy eras of Mark Taylor, Steve Waugh and Ricky Ponting, the Australians would maintain their grip on the most famous prize in cricket until 2005, when Michael Vaughan's side worked out that attack was the best form of defence.
The competitive nature of that series ? after a lop-sided opener at Lord?s that the tourists won, every other fixture provided sporting drama of the highest quality ? seemingly inspired Warne to reach a personal Ashes peak.
No cause was lost when he had the ball that summer, as demonstrated when so nearly rescuing situations in eventual defeats at Edgbaston and Trent Bridge, when his side's batting failures left them playing catch-up. In the end, though, his 40 wickets at 19.9 were not enough to spare Australia from slipping to a 2-1 defeat.
Still, he became just the eighth bowler to take 40 wickets in a series ? and the first since 1989 ? while striking on average every 37.9 balls. England had managed to win the war despite coming out second best in their battles with Warne.
His hugely successful English summer helped towards an overall haul of 96 wickets in 2005, comfortably the best return during a Test career that saw him take 70 or more in a calendar year on four occasions.
The last act was to help regain the urn at home in 2006-07, Andrew Flintoff becoming Warne's 195th Ashes scalp when stumped by Adam Gilchrist in Sydney. The bowler who made the fading art of leg spin fashionable once again had bamboozled England for the final time.